Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are common but can be preventable and treatable. It’s important to know the symptoms, testing options, and treatment for different types of STDs. In this guide, we’ll provide a comprehensive list of the most common STDs, including their symptoms, testing options, and treatment.
What are STDs?
STDs are infections that are transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Common STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and human papillomavirus (HPV).
Common STDs: Symptoms, Testing, and Treatment
Symptoms: Painful urination, abnormal vaginal discharge, and lower abdominal pain in women. In men, it can cause discharge from the penis and painful or swollen testicles.
Testing: Urine test or swab test for women. For men, a urine test or swab test of the urethra or penis. Testing is recommended annually for sexually active women under 25, men who have sex with men, and people with new or multiple sexual partners.
Symptoms: Painful urination, abnormal vaginal or penile discharge, and pain during sex.
Testing: Urine test or swab test of the throat, vagina, cervix, urethra, or anus. Testing is recommended annually for sexually active women under 25, men who have sex with men, and people with new or multiple sexual partners.
Symptoms: Sores or ulcers on the genitals or mouth, rash, fever, and fatigue.
Testing: The blood test. Testing is recommended for all pregnant women and anyone with new or multiple sexual partners.
Symptoms: Painful blisters or sores on the genitals, mouth, or anus, and flu-like symptoms during the first outbreak.
Testing: Swab test of the blister or sore during an outbreak or blood test.
Treatment: Antiviral medication to manage outbreaks and reduce transmission.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Symptoms: Most people with HPV have no symptoms, but it can cause genital warts and lead to cancer.
Testing: HPV test or Pap smear for women. There is no routine test for men.
Treatment: There is no cure for HPV, but there are treatments for genital warts and vaccines available to prevent certain types of HPV.
The best way to prevent STDs is to practice safe sex. Use condoms or dental dams during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Get tested regularly, especially if you have new or multiple sexual partners. Talk to your healthcare provider about the HPV vaccine and other preventive measures.
Book an Appointment with Nao Medical
If you think you may have an STD or want to get tested, book an appointment with Nao Medical today. We offer comprehensive sexual health services, including testing, treatment, and counseling. Our clinics are designed to provide a comfortable and supportive environment for all patients.
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What is the difference between STDs and STIs?
The terms STD and STI are often used interchangeably, but there is a subtle difference. STD stands for sexually transmitted disease, while STI stands for sexually transmitted infection. The term STI is used to describe infections that may not cause symptoms, while STD is used to describe infections that cause symptoms.
How can I tell if I have an STD?
Many STDs do not cause symptoms, so the only way to know for sure is to get tested. If you experience symptoms such as pain during urination, abnormal discharge, or sores or blisters on your genitals, mouth, or anus, you should get tested.
Can STDs be cured?
Many STDs can be cured with antibiotics, but some, such as herpes and HIV, cannot be cured. However, there are treatments available to manage symptoms and prevent transmission.